Criminal Law: Essential Elements of a Crime: Mental States

There are 4 criminal mental states:

  • Specific Intent Crimes -- subjective intent to cause to proscribed result
  • Malice Crimes -- reckless disregard of a high/obvious risk that harm will occur
  • General Intent Crimes -- general awareness of factors constituting a crime
  • Strict Liability Offenses -- no intent; malum prohibitum crimes